What Is Truck Tyre Alignment and Balancing

What Is Truck Tyre Alignment and Balancing

Wheel alignment is a safety feature that helps maintain proper steering by ensuring the tread surface is in perfect contact with the ground. Have you thought about having the wheels of your heavy truck aligned lately?

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Since the tyres are the only contact with the ground, safety depends significantly on this vehicle component. So you get better handling, save fuel, and prevent premature wear of heavy truck tyres by including tyre alignment in your maintenance booklet. 

Don’t hesitate to make an appointment with a truck tyre centre.

What causes wheel misalignment?

Various situations can cause wheel misalignment. The main reason for misalignment is a hard and heavy impact. This can be caused by driving into a pothole, hitting a curb or other object, or colliding with another vehicle. Depending on the severity of the impact, the force of the impact will cause the wheels to misalign. A recent replacement of a suspension part and normal wear and tear over the months can also cause this.

Suspension springs also loosen as they age, which can affect the alignment of the wheels, so prevention is better than compromising safety! There are five signs of wheel misalignment:

  • excessive tyre wear
  • steering wheel pulls to one side
  • road holding is affected
  • difficulty in manoeuvring
  • steering wheel repositioning after cornering is difficult.

The benefits of performing tyre maintenance

The task of wheel alignment maintenance has several advantages:

Safety on wet roads: optimal braking without premature tyre tread wear, better-stopping distance control.

Investment protection: every centimetre of misalignment causes tyre wear and can lead to dangerous driving.

Optimisation of fuel economy: proper adjustment can optimise fuel efficiency (up to 7%).

When should wheel alignment be done?

What Is Truck Tyre Alignment and Balancing

For a heavy truck, alignment is recommended every 20,000 kilometres simultaneously as a wheel rotation. However, aligning anytime when the vehicle suddenly pulls to the left or right is essential. This is described as “toe-in”, resulting in a positive value or “toe-out” when the value is negative. Misalignment indicates that one or more wheels have been misaligned. Neutral alignment occurs when the wheels’ axis maintains a constant distance in a straight line.

Spring is the ideal time to perform a wheel alignment. This is the time of year when black ice forms and potholes proliferate on the roads. Wheels are subject to countless impacts, whether running into a gaping hole seen at the last minute or inadvertently climbing over a curb.

Wheel alignment generates lateral tension in the steering wheel during braking and acceleration, as well as deformation of the tyre tread. Incorrect alignment can therefore damage the suspension pivot points in the long run.

Precision work done at GILL VIC TYRES

Use the services of GILL VIC TYRES, which has a dedicated alignment bench for heavy trucks. It is essential that a specialised team carries out this task, which requires the use of imposing equipment.

Their technicians also use computerised technology to check the position of the wheels. All tyre-related components are evaluated by software: tyres, wheels, brakes, and suspension.

They specialise in the alignment of heavy trucks, which requires precise work depending on the number of axles. Do not hesitate to contact them for any additional questions or to make an appointment.

Also, consider TIRE BALANCING

Distinct from tyre alignment, tyre or wheel balancing refers to the compensation of any weight imbalance in the tyre/wheel combination and is often performed in conjunction with wheel alignment. Two basic tyre/wheel imbalance types require correction: static (single plane) and dynamic (dual plane).

Static imbalance deals with balance in a single plane – the vertical movement that can cause vibration. A dynamic imbalance, on the other hand, deals with balance in two planes: vertical and lateral movement. Both types of imbalance require a special balancing machine to help even things out.

To begin balancing your tyres, a technician will mount them on the appropriate rims and adjust the pressure for optimum inflation. Next, each tyre is placed on the centre bore of a balancing machine. The machine spins the tyre at high speed to measure the imbalance of the wheel/tyre combination. It indicates how much weight the technician needs to add to balance the tyre and where that weight is needed.

Tyre balancing is essential to good tyre maintenance for the same reason as wheel alignment: to prevent premature tread wear. Having tyres aligned and balanced every 5,000 to 6,000 miles can help maximise their life and overall performance.

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